Ingo Noka

Posts Tagged ‘Maps’

Give me some space

In Flight Bag, Knowledge, Navigation on April 8, 2014 at 2:23 am

Airspace around KL International Airport in Malaysia

Have you, like me, looked with green envy at the navigation apps that are available to pilots in the US and Europe? The richness and accuracy of data and the functionality of these new applications is incredible.  Unfortunately, literally none of this can be had for South East Asia.

As the readers of my blog will know, I have tried to rectify the lack of proper aviation charts for Malaysia with reporting point data and some self-created charts. The availability of  applications on the iPhone or iPad with rudimentary support for Malaysian maps has improved the situation as well.  But so far there is no application I am aware off that provides airspace information.

With this post I am giving you a little bit of the aviation chart heaven that our brethren in other countries have been flying in. Read the rest of this entry »

VFR Reporting Points

In Flight Bag, Navigation on February 10, 2013 at 10:33 pm

VFR Reporting Points on the Malaysian Peninsula

28 April 2013: Added waypoints along the east coast and two routes from KL to Kota Bahru.

In Malaysia ATC follows all VFR flights regardless of the classification of the airspace and pilots must submit a flight plan for all VFR cross-country flights.  This practice requires some common understanding of acceptable reporting points between VFR pilots and ATC.  Given the importance of reporting points for VFR flying in Malaysia, there is surprisingly little information and documentation about them.  As I have written in my post about the availability of aviation charts, there is no such thing as up-to-date sectional charts that could be used for flight planning and pilotage navigation.  for small parts of the airspace (Langkawi, Johor, Tioman, KL) I have tried to rectify this by drawing my own maps, but this is a very poor replacement for proper charts.

In addition to drawing my own charts, I have also collected reporting points I have used in my cross-country flying.  And with this post, I am going to share this information (download different versions here V1 V2 V3 V4 V5).  Most pilots own GPS devices and use them for navigational purposes.  Some devices or applications on the iPad or iPhone can import geographical points in certain formats, so I am providing the data in GPX format as well.  I am able to convert this file into other formats, so if you tell me what you need, I may be able to help.  I would certainly be interested in hearing if you have been successful in using the file with your GPS device or application.  I do know for certain that the file can be imported into Google Maps and into the MotionX GPS application on the iPad and iPhone.

Read the rest of this entry »

Where the wind will carry me …

In Flight Log, Navigation on October 13, 2012 at 2:24 pm
Flight Summary
Engine Time 11h 51m
Landings 7
Fuel total 85 Gallons
Fuel per hour approx. 7.2 Gallons (28 Liters)
Hotel cost approx. RM 240 (SGD 100)
Pictures Click here

The flight safari has been postponed, so I had free time on my hand and decided to jump into the club piper to see where the wind would carry me.

13 October 2012, 14:00 LT, Malacca Airport

Empty Airport Terminal in Malacca

Well, as it turns out the wind decided to carry me exactly 100 nm before putting a full stop on my plans with thunderstorms over Subang. Now I am sitting in an empty airport terminal in Malacca and hope I will later make it to Penang and Langkawi.

Read the rest of this entry »

New VOR/DME at Senai Airport

In Announcement, Flight Bag on July 21, 2012 at 10:50 am

New VOR/DME in Johor

(Update, 9 September 2012: Corrected Lane Delta, added JB NDB data, Moved Ayer Hitam and Renggam reporting points a bit, training area North of Gunung Pulai is now West of the North South highway)

Effective 23 August 2012, DCA Malaysia will commission a new DVOR/DME at Senai airport. Currently the DVOR/DME of Senai airport is about 5 nm off the threshold of runway 16 on a bearing of 150° (i.e. you have to set course 150° from the DVOR location to reach the threshold). The new DVOR station will be closer to the threshold (1000m) and also gets a new frequency, which will be 112.5 Mhz (Ch. 72 x). Setting up a new DVOR station requires a rerouting of airways and relocation of holding areas and reporting points. For us VFR pilots this is only of marginal interest. However, the DCA also made changes to VFR lanes and the TMA, so take note. The changes are detailed in the AIP Supplement 09/2012 dated 14 June 2012. All changes are included in the new version of my “aeronautical chart of Johor”, which you can download here.

The VFR lane Charlie does not go from Kota Tinggi straight to East of JB Airfield anymore. Instead it is rerouted via South of Kg Semangar, to make sure aircraft stay clear of Danger Area 231. For more details on that have a look at my earlier post on flying to Mersing via Kota Tinggi.  Lane Delta is also routed around the danger areas with a new reporting point “East of Kampung Sungai Tiram”.

The Eastern border of the JB TMA used to go through Kota Tinggi. It is now further West and goes through restricted area 229, which means that VFR lane Charlie (from JB Town East to Kota Tinggi) is now outside the TMA. On the Western border of the TMA not much has changed. It seems to go a little further North of Simpang Renggam than it previously did.

In case you cannot remember what a VOR is: VOR stands for VHF Omnidirectional Radio (Range). The VOR is a navigational aid that allows aircraft equipped with a receiver to measure on which radial from the VOR station the aircraft is located. The DME (Distance Measuring Equipment) on the other hand tells the pilot how far from the station the aircraft is positioned.

KL City Tour

In Flight Bag, Flight Log on February 19, 2012 at 11:10 pm

KL City Tour

On my way back from Langkawi, Captain Aziz (he is based in Subang) was so kind to reveal the secrets of  a proper city tour over Kuala Lumpur.  We flew in loose formation on an anti-clockwise course around the city center with its twin towers, around Batu Caves and back Subang.  The weather was  good and the usual haze  hadn’t descended onto the city yet.  Ear;y morning was “clearly” the right time to marvel at the glory of KL.

From the air, KL doesn’t actually look that big and there are a couple of easy to recognize reporting points. Nevertheless, next time I want to do this on my own and so I created my own  map to remember the reporting points, air spaces and so forth.  As usual the map can be downloaded in the download section of my website. Read the rest of this entry »

Better Scale

In Flight Bag, Gear on February 12, 2012 at 9:11 pm

Johor Airspace Map

I have updated my “chart” and trimmed it down to A4.  I have also attempted to scale it properly at 1:500,000 (i.e. the Sectional Chart scale).  The actual scale of the printed map depends very much on the printer.  The idea is to print the map on A4 without any resizing.  On my Macbook Pro it works very well with paper size A4 and a scale of 100% (in the printer dialog).

BTW: I have created these maps with Inkscape using an old TPC chart and a couple of other free resources from the Internet.  The maps are available in the source format (SVG), which can be opened with Inkscape and other vector graphic programs.  The other formats are in bitmap formats (JPEG, PNG and PDF) and cannot be edited in the sense that elements of the charts are just bitmaps and cannot be changed in shape etc.

The maps can be downloaded here.

All Well with Port Weld

In Flight Bag on January 29, 2012 at 10:58 pm

Frederic Weld (1823-1891)

Finally the mystery of reporting point Port Well has been resolved.  We know where Port Well is, in fact we know Port Well does not exist.  The actual name is Port Weld, which is a name that is not used anymore.  The actual name is Kuala Sepetang, and it must have been that way for quite some time, considering that our 40 years old maps already use it.  ATC in Malaysia is certainly not changing things around in a rush.

For over a year the fearless aviators of the FRAS flying club had to rely on wild guesses to determine where this reporting point “Port Well” might be.  ATC surely never explained it and no map or AIP document mentions the place.  Nevertheless, without fail, Lumpur Info or Ipoh tower would ask for a report at Port Well.  Until now, our chief flight instructor Captain Singh (Kevin Muk got a job that does not allow him to fly anymore) determined that Port Well must be somewhere between Pantai Remis and Bagan Serai, probably at the border of the Ipoh TMA. Read the rest of this entry »

My Own Chart

In Flight Bag on January 14, 2012 at 8:30 pm

Map of Johor Airspace

A while ago I wrote about the regrettable lack of aeronautic charts for the Malaysian airspace and I half-jokingly remarked that one could draw their own charts. At about the same time I was flying with a friend West of Gunung Pulai, which is one of the training areas at Senai Airport and realized that ATC and pilots do not necessarily agree on the exact borders of the three training areas.

To help with the situation a bit, I actually sat down last weekend and learned to use Inkscape while drawing a map of the airspace around Senai airport.  I am rather pleased with the result, so I thought I make it available for all of you. Obviously, you are not supposed to use this “chart” for actual navigation,but at least if you hear FRAS69 (me) announcing my position you can use the map to determine roughly where I think I am.

The chart is available as vector graphic, PDF and JPEG in the download section of my web site.  The vector graphic version can be edited with Inkscape (and probably with other vector graphic software applications as well.

Aeronautical Charts of Malaysian Airspace

In Airmanship, Gear on November 13, 2011 at 6:29 pm

Soviet Military Topographic Map

In South East Asia, Aeronautical VFR charts tend to be out of date or non-existent.   As with most General Aviation related services in this part of the world, this sorry state of affairs has to do with the very low demand.  There are simply not enough GA aircraft and pilots in Asia to make it worthwhile for anybody to spend money on many things that are taken for granted by pilots in the US or Europe.

Nevertheless, we make do with what we have and I have not heard of anybody getting lost in Malaysia because of a missing or inaccurate map.  Of course, the airspace is not as crowded as (I imagine) in most parts of the UK or Germany.

To alleviate the situation a bit, I have collected a couple of resources that can help fellow aviators in Malaysia to find their way around.  I would be very grateful if you could send me additional information or help me correct mistakes I may have made.  This blog entry is just an announcement of this new content on my website and any further changes will be made on this page. Read the rest of this entry »